2021.04.30 – Install CentOS.ova in VMware Fusion

This example is for:

  • MacBook Pro
  • Vmware Fusion Profesional 12.1.1
  • CentOS.ove
  1. Install CentOS.ove in VMware Fusion 

1.1. Download CentOS.7z.001 – CentOS.7z.004 

Note: Can be more or less files but here is an example of 4 files

1.2. Install and use Keka app to connect CentOS.7z.001 – CentOS.7z.004 and create CentOS.ova file

1.3. Import CentOS.ova in Vmware Fusion:

Select File > Import.

  • Click Choose file and browse to the .ovf or .ova file and click Open.
  • Type the name for the imported virtual machine in the Save As text box and indicate where to save it. The default destination is the Virtual Machines folder created by Fusion. 
  • Click Save. Fusion performs OVF or OVA specification conformance and virtual hardware compliance checks. A status bar indicates the progress of the import process. 

Note: The example is from Vmware docs –  https://docs.vmware.com/en/VMware-Fusion/12/com.vmware.fusion.using.doc/GUID-275EF202-CF74-43BF-

  • Click VMware Fusion > Virtual Machine > Settings > Advanced: activate Disable Side Channel Mitigations
  • Click VMware Fusion > Virtual Machine > Start Up
  • CentOS content: User: _visible_ and Password: _necesary_to_know_
  • Verify networks in CentOS > Terminal: 
$ ip add show 
=> Example: eth0 down, eth1 172.25.11.254/24, eth2 10.0.11.2/24 and 10.0.11.3/24
  • Take notes to be sure you will not forget for next steps
  • VMware Fusion > Virtual Machine > Shows Down
  1. Create/modify VMware Fusion Networks:
  • Open Terminal in MacBook Pro 
  • Open VMware network file: 
% sudo vim /Library/Preferences/VMware\ Fusion/networking
  • Modify! You can also use V in view mode to launch “VISUAL LINE” mode. Select your lines and type d to delete them.
  • Exemple of what I use
VERSION=1,0
 answer VNET_1_DHCP yes
 answer VNET_1_DHCP_CFG_HASH BC1AB29239D0B41CB64A4C11F3DE544B36D778A2
 answer VNET_1_HOSTONLY_NETMASK 255.255.255.0
 answer VNET_1_HOSTONLY_SUBNET 192.168.120.0
 answer VNET_1_VIRTUAL_ADAPTER yes
 answer VNET_8_DHCP yes
 answer VNET_8_DHCP_CFG_HASH 96CB1EC54E103210F4A187D6355843A795323CCC
 answer VNET_8_HOSTONLY_NETMASK 255.255.255.0
 answer VNET_8_HOSTONLY_SUBNET 192.168.100.0
 answer VNET_8_NAT yes
 answer VNET_8_VIRTUAL_ADAPTER yes
 …
 answer VNET_93_DHCP no
 answer VNET_93_DISPLAY_NAME eth1
 answer VNET_93_HOSTONLY_NETMASK 255.255.255.0
 answer VNET_93_HOSTONLY_SUBNET 172.25.11.0
 answer VNET_93_NAT yes
 answer VNET_93_NAT_PARAM_UDP_TIMEOUT 30
 answer VNET_93_VIRTUAL_ADAPTER yes
 answer VNET_94_DHCP no
 answer VNET_94_DISPLAY_NAME eth2
 answer VNET_94_HOSTONLY_NETMASK 255.255.255.0
 answer VNET_94_HOSTONLY_SUBNET 10.0.11.0
 answer VNET_94_NAT yes
 answer VNET_94_NAT_PARAM_UDP_TIMEOUT 30
 answer VNET_94_VIRTUAL_ADAPTER yes
 …
  • Quit VMware Fusion networking file
  • Open VMware Fusion app
  • Click VMware Fusion > Preferences > Network
  • Untagged Request authentication to enter promiscuous mode 
  • Click the lock to make changes
  • Activate Allow virtual machine on the network to connect to external networks (using NAT)
  • Quit VMware Fusion app
  • Open VMware Fusion app again
  1. Configure CentOS VM network in VMware Fusion app
  • Open VMware Fusion app
  • Click Virtual Machine > CentOS
  • Click Virtual Machine > Settings… 
  • — Network Adapter > Autodetect (is for eth0)
  • — Network Adapter 2 > eth1
  • — Network Adapter 3 > eth2 _to_ge-0/0/0

Note: To create and use Networks: http://tech.silvique.ro/2021/04/29/2021-04-29-create-vmware-fusion-networks/

  • Click Virtual Machine > Start Up
  1. Verify CentOS VM network inside CentOS
  • Open Terminal in CentOS and use different commands to verify
 $ ifconfig
 — eth1 172.25.11.254
 — eth2:8012 10.0.11.2/24 
 — eth2:8013 10.0.11.3/24
$ ping 10.0.11.1
$ ping 10.0.11.2
$ ping 10.0.11.3
$ ping 172.25.11.254
$ ping 172.25.11.1 

If necessary, modify network connectivity in Vmware Fusion.

Good Luck!!

2020.05.6 – Install CentOS 8 Server on VMware ESXi

This page inspire me: https://linuxhint.com/install_centos8_vmware_esxi_server/

Note: This version is without GUI. If needed chose Server with GUI.

The inspiration is very good. I have some differences and I will put here.

Difference:

  • Install into MacBook Pro > VMware Fusion > VMware ESXi
  • Click ESXi web client > Datastore browser > Create directory with name CentOS
  • Different Hard Disk and Network Adapter
  • Host Name: CentOS
  • Tipe and Data: for Romania
  • Username: silvia and mine password
  • Include also Root password

All other are exactly as in the helping blog.

2020.05.2 – Connecting EVE Lab to a physical device

Some help ideas are in EVE professional Cookbook.

A virtual lab that include CentOS is configured in EVE-PRO. The EVE-PRO is configure in VMWare Fusion. VMware Fusion is in MacBook PRO. The idea is to connect virtual CentOS to internet.

Open VMware Fusion > Click on EVE-PRO virtual machine > Click on Settings…

Create, or select if already created, 3 Network Adapter:

  • Network Adapter > Connect to vSphere network
  • Network Adapter 2 > Connect to vSphere network
  • Network Adapter 3 > Connect to vSphere network

Into EVE-PRO lab create a new Network type Cloud1 and connect to CentOS. Do not forget to configure the correct IP in CentOS. Details of how I done it are here: 2020.04.30 – CentOS installation into EVE-NG.

The Internet is working now

I am happy!!!

2020.04.30 – CentOS installation into EVE-NG

All used information to install I found here:

Using things:

  • EVE-PRO meaning with license
  • CentOS CentOS-8.1.1911-x86_64-dvd1.iso

Step 1. Download CentOS – donloaded from Download CentOS version Linux DVD ISO

See 2. Go into EVE-PRO and move into qemu directory

root@eve-ng:~# cd /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu

Step 3. Create a new directory and move inside it

root@eve-ng:/opt/unetlab/addons/qemu# mkdir linux-centeros-8
root@eve-ng:/opt/unetlab/addons/qemu# cd linux-centeros-8
root@eve-ng:/opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/linux-centeros-8#

Step 4. Upload CentOS-8.1.1911-x86_64-dvd1.iso in EVE-PRO using FilaFilla application

root@eve-ng:/opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/linux-centeros-8# ls
CentOS-8.1.1911-x86_64-dvd1.iso

Step 6. Create qcow2 file

root@eve-ng:/opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/linux-centeros-8# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img create -f qcow2 hda.qcow2 40G
Formatting 'hda.qcow2', fmt=qcow2 size=42949672960 encryption=off cluster_size=65536 lazy_refcounts=off refcount_bits=16
root@eve-ng:/opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/linux-centeros-8# 

root@eve-ng:/opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/linux-centeros-8# ls
CentOS-8.1.1911-x86_64-dvd1.iso  hda.qcow2
root@eve-ng:/opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/linux-centeros-8# 

Step 6. Rename CentOS-8.1.1911-x86_64-dvd1.iso file

oot@eve-ng:/opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/linux-centeros-8# mv CentOS-8.1.1911-x86_64-dvd1.iso cdrom.iso

root@eve-ng:/opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/linux-centeros-8# ls
cdrom.iso  hda.qcow2

Step 7. Login to EVE-PRO then Add new lab end add CentOS node

CentOS need to have

  • Name: CentOS
  • CPU: 2
  • RAM (MB): 4096
  • Ethernets: 2
  • QEMU Version : 2.4
  • QEMU arch: tpl (x86_64)
  • QEMU Nic: e1000-

Click SAVE

Add a switch and configure it as Type: Management (Cloud0) and click Save

Connect

Step 8. Now ready to start CentOS

Do not click anything, just wait …

Step 9. Go throw installation process

English and Continue

Verify and configure different things…

Keuboard: English

Software: Server with GUI

Installation Destination: ATA QENU HARDDISK

After finishing click Begin Installation

During installation you need to insert toot password and user name and password

Root Pasword

User Name and Password. Also select Make this user admin

Wait to finish installation

Step 10. Restating CentOS

Before restarting CentOS you need to modify the name if application needed to install

root@eve-ng:/opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/linux-centeros-8# mv cdrom.iso centos-install.iso

I do not like restart. I click restart, then power-off and them power-on or Start

Step 11. Go throw internal installation process.

Click License Information

I accept the license agreement.

Click Finish configuration

English and Next

English (US) and Next

Privacy OFF and Next

Connect Your Online: Skip

Finish to install internal

Step 12. Networks

Select Wired Settings

I don’t have Automatic Ethernet on these network, si I have to configure it manually

Open Terminal

Use ifconfig command

I will do not this now ….

Step 13. Save the configured CentOS for all new EVE-PRO lab

Into EVE-PRO open Lab Details

Use SSH

root@eve-ng:/opt/unetlab/tmp/0/085884f1-7807-492d-814f-7b588fd1892c/1# ls
cdrom.iso  hda.qcow2  l1down_1  l1up_0  mon-sock  mon2-sock  qmp-sock  wrapper.txt

root@eve-ng:/opt/unetlab/tmp/0/085884f1-7807-492d-814f-7b588fd1892c/1# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img commit hda.qcow2


Image committed.

Here is tha same

root@eve-ng:/opt/unetlab/tmp/0/085884f1-7807-492d-814f-7b588fd1892c/1# ls
cdrom.iso  hda.qcow2  l1down_1  l1up_0  mon-sock  mon2-sock  qmp-sock  wrapper.txt

A needed command to make it work as configured

root@eve-ng:/opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/linux-centeros-8# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions


May 01 07:09:28 May 01 07:09:28 Online Check state: Valid

All done. CentOS is ready to go. We will now add a couple of nodes to confirm that CentOS is working.

Step 14. Verify that CentOS is working

Add a total of three CentOS

Power-on all

All 3 can power-on …

Step 14. Configure and Mange Network Connection using nmcli

The needed information I find here: How to configure and Manage Network Connections using nmcli. I use The nmcli connection sub-command chapter.

  • View connection profiles
# nmcli connection show 
NAME UUID TYPE DEVICE 
virbr0 bbe539aa-7042-4d28-a0e6-2a4d4f5dd744 802-3-ethernet virbr0
virbr0-nic bbe539aa-8042-4d28-a0e6-2a4d4f5dd744 802-3-ethernet virbr0-nic
ens3 bbe539aa-5042-4d28-a0e6-2a4d4f5dd744 802-3-ethernet --
ens4 bbe539aa-6042-4d28-a0e6-2a4d4f5dd744 802-3-ethernet --
  • The nmcli connection add Command
$ nmcli connection add con-name new-ens3 ifname ens3 type ethernet ip4 192.168.1.25/24 gw4 192.168.2.1 
Connection 'new-ens3' (f0c23472-1aec-4e84-8f1b-be8a2ecbeade) successfully added.

$ nmcli connection add con-name new-ens4 ifname ens4 type ethernet ip4 172.25.11.254/24 gw4 172.25.11.254
Connection 'new-ens4' (f0c23472-1aec-5e84-8f1b-be8a2ecbeade) successfully added.
# nmcli connection show
NAME UUID TYPE DEVICE
new-ens3 bbe539aa-9042-4d28-a0e6-2a4d4f5dd744 802-3-ethernet ens3
new-ens4 bbe539aa-1042-4d28-a0e6-2a4d4f5dd744 802-3-ethernet ebs4
virbr0 bbe539aa-7042-4d28-a0e6-2a4d4f5dd744 802-3-ethernet virbr0
virbr0-nic bbe539aa-8042-4d28-a0e6-2a4d4f5dd744 802-3-ethernet virbr0-nic
ens3 bbe539aa-5042-4d28-a0e6-2a4d4f5dd744 802-3-ethernet --
ens4 bbe539aa-6042-4d28-a0e6-2a4d4f5dd744 802-3-ethernet --
# ls /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg* 
/etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-ens3 /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-new-ens3
/etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-ens4 /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-new-ens4

I can see this but I modify using nmcli command

I hope all detail help me and you in future use.